A Chandra X-ray observation of the globular cluster Terzan 1

E M Cackett, R Wijnands, C O Heinke, D Pooley, W H G Lewin, J E Grindlay, P D Edmonds, P G Jonker, J M Miller

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26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present a similar to 19-ks Chandra Advanced CCD Imaging Spectrometer (ACIS)-S observation of the globular cluster Terzan 1. 14 sources are detected within 1.4 arcmin of the cluster centre with two of these sources predicted to be not associated with the cluster (background active galactic nuclei or foreground objects). The neutron star X-ray transient, X1732-304, has previously been observed in outburst within this globular cluster with the outburst seen to last for at least 12 yr. Here, we find four sources that are consistent with the ROSAT position for this transient, but none of the sources are fully consistent with the position of a radio source detected with the Very Large Array that is likely associated with the transient. The most likely candidate for the quiescent counterpart of the transient has a relatively soft spectrum and an unabsorbed 0.5-10 keV luminosity of 2.6 x 10(32) erg s(-1), quite typical of other quiescent neutron stars. Assuming standard core cooling, from the quiescent flux of this source we predict long (> 400 yr) quiescent episodes to allow the neutron star to cool. Alternatively, enhanced core cooling processes are needed to cool down the core. However, if we do not detect the quiescent counterpart of the transient this gives an unabsorbed 0.5-10 keV luminosity upper limit of 8 x 10(31) erg s(-1). We also discuss other X-ray sources within the globular cluster. From the estimated stellar encounter rate of this cluster we find that the number of sources we detect is significantly higher than expected by the relationship of Pooley et al.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)407-415
Number of pages9
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume369
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 11 Jun 2006

Keywords

  • stars : individual : X 1732-304
  • stars : neutron
  • globular clusters : individual : Terzan 1
  • X-rays : binaries
  • NEUTRON-STAR
  • GALACTIC-CENTER
  • BURST SOURCES
  • TRANSIENTS
  • CATALOG
  • BINARIES
  • NGC-6440
  • COUNTERPARTS
  • VARIABILITY
  • QUIESCENCE

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