A beleza das matas e a sujeira das cidades: uma etnografia com os Guarani-Mbya e os ratos na Terra Indígena Jaraguá (São Paulo/SP)

Translated title of the contribution: The beauty of the forests and the dirt of the cities: an ethnography of the Guarani-Mbya people and rats in the Jaraguá Indigenous Land (São Paulo, Brazil)

Bruno Silva Santos*

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

Durante um ato político em frente ao Fórum da Justiça Federal, na Av. Paulista (São Paulo/SP), duas jovens não indígenas comentam sobre como os Guarani ali presentes estariam “sujos” e “cheios de terra”. Ao compartilhar essas falas com meus interlocutores, tal olhar discriminatório é rebatido a partir de uma complexa crítica indígena ao modo de vida não indígena, descrito, sobretudo, a partir da sujeira que caracteriza a cidade e as criaturas que nela vivem - principalmente, os ratos. O objetivo desse artigo é, partindo dessa crítica indígena, descrever as relações entre os Guarani-Mbya e os ratos no contexto da Terra Indígena Jaraguá, situada no noroeste da cidade de São Paulo. Busco compreender, sobretudo, como os Guarani percebem e relacionam-se com essas “espécies companheiras”, mesmo que sua companhia seja, algumas vezes, incômoda e indesejada. Ao analisar categorias cosmológicas Guarani associadas aos ratos – como sujo, feio e podre – argumento que os discursos de meus interlocutores sobre as relações entre roedores e humanos podem ser lidos como uma profunda crítica Guarani ao potencial predatório e destrutivo do modo de vida dos brancos.

During a mobilisation in front of the Forum of Federal Justice, located at Paulista Avenue (São Paulo/SP), two non-indigenous young women were talking about how the Guarani people present in there were “dirty” and “full of dirt”. After sharing these speeches with my interlocutors, this discriminatory point of view was contested by a complex criticism made by the indigenous people about the non-indigenous way of life, which highlights the dirt that characterizes the urban environment and its creatures – mainly rats. This article aim is, through such indigenous critique, to describe the relations between Guarani-Mbya people and rats in the context of Jaraguá Indigenous Land, located at the northwest of the city of São Paulo. I will focus on Guarani perceptions and relations with these “companion species”, even though its company could be sometimes awkward and unwanted. Through an analysis of Guarani cosmological categories associated with rats – such as dirty, ugly and rotten - I argue that my interlocutors' speeches about the relationships between rodents and humans can be read as a deep Guarani criticism toward the predatory and destructive potential of the non-indigenous way of living.
Translated title of the contributionThe beauty of the forests and the dirt of the cities: an ethnography of the Guarani-Mbya people and rats in the Jaraguá Indigenous Land (São Paulo, Brazil)
Original languagePortuguese
Pages (from-to)94-121
Number of pages28
JournalRevista Ñanduty
Volume9
Issue number13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 23 Jan 2022

Keywords

  • Guarani-Mbya
  • Rats
  • Jaraguá

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