13C solid-state NMR of the mobile phase of polyvinylidenefluoride.

Philip Wormald, Paul Hazendonk, Tont Montina

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


The solid-state 13C spectra of poly(vinylidenefluoride) (PVDF) acquired by direct polarization (DP) with and without simultaneous 19F and 1H decoupling, under moderate sample spinning conditions, are compared to the spectra obtained using direct polarization followed by a short Hahn echo. We show that by using an appropriate combination of saturation and dephasing conditions high-resolution solid-state 13C NMR spectra of the amorphous domain can be obtained. These spectra allow for a complete assignment of the solid-state 13C NMR spectra of the amorphous phase of PVDF and we propose a simple methodology to obtain high resolution solid-state 13C NMR spectra of high molecular weight polymers. Furthermore, these spectra lead to the conclusion that differential line broadening is occurring in the multiplet structure of the signals present in the coupled spectra. This can be attributed to relaxation interference effects and further reduces the line width in the coupled spectra, allowing for the dramatically improved resolution. In addition, this explains the loss of resolution when decoupling is applied during the acquisition of the solid-state 13C spectra of PVDF.
Original languageEnglish
Article numberdx.doi.org/10.1021/ma3013477
Pages (from-to)6002-6007
Number of pages5
Early online date20 Jul 2012
Publication statusPublished - 2012


  • 13C solid-state NMR
  • fluoropolymer
  • PVDF
  • amorphous phase
  • defect units
  • Hahn echo
  • relaxation interference effect
  • differential line broadening


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