Oliver Paul Richmond


  • KY16 9AX

    United Kingdom

Personal profile

Research overview

Oliver Richmond's primary area of expertise is in peace and conflict theory, and in particular its interlinkages with IR theory. He is interested in how critical approaches to international theory impact upon debates about conflict and peace, and in concepts of peace and their implicit usages in IR theory (see his recent book, Peace in International Relations, Routledge 2008). His well known book, The Transformation of Peace was published in 2005/7 and was funded by a Leverhulme Fellowship. It examined the conceptualisation of peace, and in particular the construction of the 'liberal peace', in post-conflict zones.  A new volume called 'Liberal Peace Transitions: Between Peacebuilding and Statebuilding' was derived from the Liberal Peace Transitions project at CPCS (2006-8) which resulted from 'Transformation of Peace'. Since his critical work on the liberal peace was first published he has become interested in hybridity, the local, resistance, and other forms of agency in peacebuilding, as well as their impact on shaping a 'post-liberal peace'

He is currently co-directing and involved in projects on 'A Just and Durable Peace' (EUFP7), 'Liberal Peace Transitions II' (funded by the Nuffield Trust, the University of St Andrews and GTZ), Orthodox Terrorism and Liberal Peacebuilding (funded by the British Academy), and 'Rethinking the Liberal Peace' (funded by the UN University and the University of St Andrews). He is also involved with a PRIO project on the 'Ethics of Liberal Peace' led by Kristoffer Liden and Peter Burgess. He has been involved in fieldwork in Cyprus and Turkey, Kosovo, Bosnia, Cambodia, Sri Lanka, Timor Leste, the Solomon Islands, Nepal and Kashmir, as well as in the Eastern Congo region. He is also an Associate Editor of the Review of International Studies which is currently based at the University of St Andrews.

He directs the Centre for Peace and Conflict Studies, which houses many of the projects mentioned above. This centre was the first of its kind in Scotland, and aims to stimulate and facilitate new thinking in theoretical and empirical terms in the area of peace and conflict studies. The centre's research projects, conducted by Oliver Richmond and by the centre's full time research fellow, Dr. Audra Mitchell, involves theoretical and comparative fieldwork in a number of post-conflict peacebuilding sites. The centre also hosts a number of PhD students and an MLitt programme in Peace and Conflict Studies.

Finally, he edits a Palgrave Book Series called Rethinking Peace and Conflict Studies, which seeks to provide a forum for the development of new and alternative approaches for understanding the dynamics of conflict and of the construction of peace.

Oliver Richmond is currently on extended research leave.

For further details see Centre for Peace and Conflict Studies, www.st-andrews.ac.uk/intrel/cpcs/richmond



Research interests


Advances in Peacebuilding (Ed.), Palgrave Macmillan: forthcoming 2009

New Perspectives on Liberal Peacebuilding (co-edited with Edward Newman and Roland Paris), UN University Press: forthcoming 2009

Liberal Peace Transitions: Between Peacebuilding and Statebuilding (with Jason Franks), Edinburgh University Press: 2009

Peace in IR, Routledge, 2008.

Global Communication and IR, Special Issue of Review of International Studies (co-edited with Costas Constantinou and Alison Watson): 2008.

The Liberal Peace and Post-Conflict Reconstruction (co-edited with Roger MacGinty) special issue of Global Society: 2007.

Challenges to Peacebuilding: Managing Spoilers During Conflict Resolution (co-edited with Edward Newman), UN University Press: 2006.

The Transformation of Peace, Palgrave: 2005.

Dilemmas of NGO Peacebuilding, (co-edited with Henry C. Carey), Ashgate: 2005.

Mitigating Conflict: NGOs in Peace Processes, Special Issue of International Peacekeeping and Book (co-edited with Henry C. Carey); Frank Cass 2003.

Maintaining Order, Making Peace. Palgrave 2002.

The United Nations and Human Security: Beyond Peacekeeping, (co-edited with Edward Newman); Palgrave 2001.

The Work of the UN in Cyprus: Promoting Peace and Development, (co-edited with James KerLindsay); Palgrave 2001.

Mediating in Cyprus: The Cypriot Communities and the United Nations, Frank Cass Series on Peacekeeping, 1998.



 “Becoming Liberal, Unbecoming Liberalism: The Everyday, Empathy, and Post-Liberal  Peacebuilding”, Journal of Intervention and Statebuilding, Vol. 3, No 3, 2009.

“The Impact of Orthodox Terrorism Discourses on the Construction of the Liberal Peace: Internalisation, Resistance or Hybridisation?”, (with Jason Franks). Forthcoming in Critical Terrorism Studies, 2009.

“De facto states and international custodianship: Ethnic Sovereignty in the cases of the Bosnian ‘Entities’ and Kosovo” (with Rick Fawn), Journal of Intervention and Statebuilding, Vol. 3. No. 2, 2009.

 “Eirenism and a Post-Liberal Peace” (Article for PRIO project), Review of International Studies, Vol.35, No 3, 2009.

“The Romanticisation of the Local: Welfare, Culture and Peacebuilding”, International Spectator, Vol.44, No.1, 2009.

 'Between Partition and Pluralism: The Bosnia Jigsaw and an 'Ambivalent Peace'' with Jason Franks, Journal of Southeast Europe and Black Sea Studies, Vol. 9, No.1, 2009.

'De facto states and international custodianship: Ethnic Sovereignty in the cases of the Bosnian 'Entities' and Kosovo' (with Rick Fawn), Forthcoming in Journal of Intervention and Statebuilding, 2009.

'Reclaiming Peace in International Relations', Millennium: Journal of International Studies, Vol. 36, No. 3,  2008.

'The Emperors' New Clothes?  Liberal Peace in East Timor', (with Jason Franks), International Peacekeeping, Vol.15, 2, 2008.

"Co-opting the Liberal Peace: Untying the Gordian Knot in Kosovo" (with Jason Franks), Cooperation and Conflict, Vol.43, No.1, 2008.

"The Peace Differend: Experimental Eclecticism and the [Re] Development of IR", Alternatives, Vol.33, No.2, 2008.

"Emancipatory Forms of Human Security and Liberal Peacebuilding", International Journal, Summer 2007.

"Critical Research Agendas for Peace: The Missing Link in the Study of International Relations", Alternatives, Vol. 32, No.2 2007

'Liberal Hubris: Virtual Peace in Cambodia' (with Jason Franks), Security Dialogue, Vol. 38, No.1, 2007

"Spoilers in Peacebuilding", Journal of Conflict and Development (with Edward Newman), Vol. 6, No.1, 2006.

"Shared Sovereignty and the Politics of Peace: Evaluating the EU's `Catalytic' Framework in the Eastern Mediterranean", International Affairs, January 2006.

"Patterns of Peace", Global Society, 2006.

"Understanding the Liberal Peace", Conflict Security and Development, 2006.

"Human Security and the Liberal Peace: Tensions and Contradictions", Whitehead Journal of International Studies, 2006.

"The Long Mile: Narratives of Sovereignty in Cyprus", (with Costas Constantinou), Mediterranean Politics, Vol. 10, No.1., 2005.

"UN Peace Operations and the Dilemmas of the Peacebuilding Consensus", Vol.10. No.4, 2004 in International Peacekeeping, 2004.

"The Dilemmas of Conflict Resolution: A Comparison of Cyprus and Sri Lanka", Nationalism and Ethnic Politics. vol. 10, no. 2., 2004.

"The Globalisation of Approaches to Conflict", in Cooperation and Conflict, Vol.39, No.2, 2004

"Realising Hegemony? New Wars, New Terrorism, and the Roots of Conflict", Terrorism and Conflict Studies, 2003.

"Decolonisation and Post-Independence Causes of Conflict: The Case of Cyprus". Civil Wars, 2002.

"States of Sovereignty, Sovereign States, and Ethnic Claims for International Status". Review of International Studies. 2002.

"Towards a Genealogy of Peacemaking: The Creation and Recreation of Order", Alternatives, Vol. 26, No. 3, 2001.

"Rethinking Conflict Resolution: The Linkage Problematic Between 'Track I' and 'Track II", The Journal of Conflict Studies, Fall 2001.

"Emerging Concepts of Security in the Post Cold War Order: Implications For Zones of Conflict at the Fringes of The EU". European Security, Vol.9, No.1, 2000.

"No Man's-Land? Ethnic Security in the International System", Journal of International Relations and Development, No. 1, 2000.

"The Cyprus Conflict, Changing Norms of International Society, and Regional Disjunctures", Cambridge Review of International Affairs, Vol. 13, No. 1 1999.

"Mediating Ethnic Conflict: A Task for Sisyphus?", Global Society, Vol. 13., No.2., 1999.

"Ethno-Nationalist Debates and International Peacemaking: The Case of Cyprus", Nationalism and Ethnic Studies, Vol.5., No.2., 1999.

"Devious Objectives and the Disputants' Views of International Mediation: A Theoretical Framework", Journal of Peace Research, Olso. Vol.35, No. 6, 1998

¿The Development of Negotiating Positions During the Second Phase of the United Nations¿ Peacemaking Operation in Cyprus, 1966-1974¿, Thetis, University of Mannheim, Vol.5 1999.

¿Cyprus At The Crossroads¿, The Contemporary Review, Vol.272, No.1584, January 1998

¿Drawn Into Conflict? Shaping the Dynamics of United Nations' Peacemaking in the Cyprus Conflict 1964-5¿, Thetis, University of Manheim, Vol.4 1997

¿Turmoil in Cyprus: Another Hot Summer for the United Nations in the Eastern Mediterranean¿, The Contemporary Review,  Vol.269., No.1570.,  November 1996.

¿Negotiating Out of Fear and Fearing to Negotiate: Implications of the Dynamics of Peacemaking in Cyprus for Theoretical Approaches to the Ending of Conflict.¿ The Cyprus Review, Fall 1996.

¿The Conflict Researcher and The Strategist: Theoretical Approaches to the Analysis of the Cyprus Problem¿ (co-authored with James Ker-Lindsay) The Cyprus Review,  Vol.7 No.2, Fall 1995.

¿Peacekeeping and Peacemaking in Cyprus 1974-1994,¿ The Cyprus Review, Vol.6 No.2, Fall 1994.

Chapters in Books


“Becoming Liberal, Unbecoming Liberalism”, S Tadjbaksh, Alternatives to the Liberal Peace, New York: Palgrave, forthcoming 2010.


“Conclusion: Strategic Peacebuilding Beyond the Liberal Peace”, in Dan Philpott, John Paul Lederach, et al, (eds) Strategic Peacebuilding, Oxford University Press, forthcoming, 2009.



"The Culture of Liberal Peacebuilding and the Negation of Local Culture", in Roland Bleiker and Morgan Brigg (eds.), Mediating Across Difference: Asian/Approaches to Security and Conflict, Hawaii University Press, forthcoming, 2008.

"The Rule of Law and Liberal Peacebuilding", in Chandra Sriram (ed.), The Rule of law in African countries emerging from violent conflict: critical issues and cases, forthcoming, 2008.

"Beyond liberal peace: Why does 'backsliding occur' despite a peacebuilding consensus?", in Beyond Liberal Peacebuilding (co-edited with Edward Newman and Roland Paris), UN University Press, forthcoming 2008.

"Welfare and the Civil Peace: A Missing Agenda?", in M Pugh, The Political Economy of Peacebuilding (ed.), Palgrave, forthcoming, 2008.

"The UN and Liberal Peacebuilding: Consensus and Challenges" in Roger MacGinty and John Darby, International Peacemaking (2nd ed.), Palgrave, 2007.

"Multilateralism and the Liberal Peace/", in D. Boutantanides, Multilateralism and Security Institutions in the Era of Globalization and Intervention, Routledge, 2007.

"The Intellectual History of Human Security", in Peou Sorpong (eds), Human Security in East Asia, Routledge, Forthcoming 2008.

"The Globalisation of Approaches to Conflict", in Paul James (ed.), Globalization and Violence, London: Sage, 2006.

"Spoiling and Devious Objectives in Peace Processes" in Oliver Richmond and Edward Newman, Spoilers in Peace Processes (eds.), UNU Press, 2006.

"NGOs and the Liberal Peace" in Henry C. Carey and Oliver P. Richmond (eds.), Subcontracting Peace: NGOs and Institution-Building in a Dangerous World. Ashgate, 2005.

"Colonialism, Decolonisation and Post-Independence Causes of Conflict: Mapping the Case of Cyprus." in Hubert Faustmann (ed.), Britain in Cyprus: Colonialism and Post-Colonialism 1878-2006. Peleus, 2006.

"Human Security and the War on Terror" (with Jason Franks), Felix Dodds and Tim Pippard, Human and Environmental Security: An Agenda for Change, London: Earthscan, 2005.

"Re-Negotiating the Post-Colonial State System: The Cyprus Peace Process", Michalis S. Michael (ed.), Cyprus in the World, Vanias Press, 2005.

"UN Peace Operations and the Dilemmas of the Peacebuilding Consensus", in Alex J. Bellamy and Paul Williams, Peace Operations and Global Order, London: Frank Cass, 2004.

"The Role of NGOs in Human Rights Protection" in Christien van den Anker & Rhona Smith, Essential Guide to Human Rights, Hodder Arnold, 2004

"NGOs, Peace and Human Security", Henry Carey and Oliver P Richmond, Mitigating Conflict: The Role of NGOs, Special Issue of International Peacekeeping and Edited Volume (co-edited); Frank Cass 2003.

"The Limits of UN Multi-dimensional Peace Operations: Sovereignty and Human Security" in The United Nations and Human Security: Mediating post-Westphalian International Relations. Co-edited with Edward Newman, UN University, Tokyo, Japan, 2001.

"The Multiple Dimensions of International Peacemaking: The UN, EU, and the Case of Cyprus", in Modern Conflict, Postmodern Union: The EU and the Cyprus Conflict, Manchester University Press, 2001

"UN Mediation in Cyprus 1964-65: Setting A Precedent for Peacemaking?" in The Work of the UN in Cyprus: Promoting Peace and Development and Development. Co-edited with James Ker-Lindsay. Palgrave Publishers/ St Martin's Press, 2001

Other expertise

Presentations, etc.

Discussant, “The regionalisation of peacekeeping operations”, OCIS, University of Queensland, 2-4 July 2008.

Chair and Discussant, “Liberal Peace in Crisis”, ISA, San Francisco, 2008: also presenting on another panel on “War in Global Politics” (Beyond the Liberal Peace) and discussant for panel on “A Just Peace”.

“A Framework for Peacebuilding” Centre for Human Security, Sciences Po, Paris, 9 January, 2008.

Does Liberal Peacebuilding Engage with an Everyday Ethic of Peace?” PRIO, November 22 2007, Oslo.

“Welfare, Culture, and Sustainability”, UNESCO Conference on Shared Visions and Futures, University of Cyprus, 15-18 November 2007, Nicosia, Cyprus.

Closing address, “The Concept of Peace in International Relations: A Missing Agenda?”, Peace in IR, Millennium Conference, LSE 21-22 October, 2007.

“Orthodox Terrorism and Peacebuilding”, COST Seminar, Tallinn, 28-29th May, 2007.

“Beyond Liberal Peacebuilding”, Keynote presentation for workshop on beyond the Liberal Peace, UNU/ University of St Andrews, University of Sarajevo, 3-4 May, 2007.

“Sustaining the Civil Peace:‘The Romanticisation of the Local’, the Dynamics of [In] Civility, and the Surprising Relativisation of Welfare”, Workshop on Mediating Across Difference: Asian/Approaches to Security and Conflict, University of Queensland, March 2007.

“Peacebuilding as Emancipation”, University of Bradford, 15 February 2007.

“Ethics of Peacebuilding” PRIO, Oslo, 18 January 2007.

“Human Security and the Liberal Peace”, Sophia University Workshop on Human Security, Tokyo, Japan, 2 December 2006.

“Peace in IR” Centre for Politics and Religion, University of St Andrews, 23 November, 2006.

Co-Chair, The Politics of Global Communication, BISA funded semi-virtual workshop on forthcoming special issue of Review of International Studies,  18 November, 2006, University of St Andrews.

“Sustaining the Civil Peace: The Romanticisation of the Local and Social Welfare”, Workshop on Culture and Peacebuilding, University of Queensland, March 2007.

“Liberal Peacebuilding”, Keynote for conference on Globalization and Peacebuilding, 6-8 November 2006 Uppsala, Sweden.

“Critiquing Liberal Peace Transitions”, Workshop on Liberal Peace in Africa, University of Makarere, Mbarere, Uganda, 2 Nov. 2006..

 “Peacebuilding and the Relativisation of Welfare”, Workshop on Reflecting on Peacebuilding in the Post Cold War Period, Intercollege, Nicosia, Cyprus, 20 October 2006.

“Critiquing Liberal Peace Transitions”, Keynote for conference on Conflict Resolution/ Peacemaking: Successes and Failures, Near Eastern University, Northern Cyprus, 19 October, 2006.

“New Research Agendas in Peacebuilding”, University of Stellenbosch, South Africa, 5 August 2006.

“Evaluating the Liberal Peace in Cambodia, Kosovo, and East Timor” Koc University, Istanbul, 30 June 2006.

“Human Security and Peacebuilding”, EKEM Workshop on Peacekeeping, Delphi, Greece, 18-19 June, 2006.

“The Romanticisation and Reconstruction of the Civil Peace”, ESRC workshop on War Economies, SOAS, 19 May 2006.

'Reconstructing the Liberal Peace: The Key Graduations of Liberal Peacebuilding', “Strategies for Peace: Contributions of International Organizations, States and Non-State Actors”, German Foundation for Peace Research, April 28 – 29, 2006, Osnabrück, Germany.

Organiser of panel on “Problematising the Liberal Peace”; presenting paper entitled, “Research Agendas for Peace: The Missing Link in IR”, ISA, San Diego, 2006.

Organiser of panel on “Perspectives on the Liberal Peace”; co-presenter of paper (with Jason Franks) entitled, “Cambodia and the Liberal Peace” University of St Andrews, 17th March, 2006.

Participant and discussant in workshop/ network organised by British Council on EU Mediterranean Politics and Research, 8-12 March, Barcelona.

Organiser of panel on “The EU and the Politics of Peace in the Eastern Mediterranean”; presenter of paper entitled, “Cyprus after the Annan Plan” University of St Andrews, 24th February, 2006.

“Understanding the Liberal Peace”, Panel on Peacekeeping in the 21st Century: Discussant, Panel on International State-Building and Its Limits,  BISA, St Andrews, 2005.

“The Transformation of Peace”, 17 October, University of York.

“Shared Sovereignty and the Politics of Peace in the Eastern Mediterranean”, The Status of International Mediterranean Studies, University of Birmingham, 6 October, 2005.

“The Liberal Peace and War Economies”, ESRC/ IPA experts conference on War Economies, University of Plymouth, 17-18 June, 2005.

Presentation on “The Liberal Peace” Conference on Psychology of Peace & Conflict, Goldsmiths College, University of London, 26 February 2005

“Antecedents of Human Security”, Sophia University Workshop on Human Security, Tokyo, 29 January, 2005.

“Conceptualising Peace in Contemporary Peace Operations”, Presentation to DFID and FCO Conflict Research Units, London, 12th January, 2005.

“Conceptualising Peace and the Liberal Peace” Presentation to Carnegie Endowment, New York, and to International Peace Association, New York, 16 & 17th December 2004.

“The Transformation of Peace”, Dept. of Politics and IR, University of Queensland, 22 October 2004.

Section Convenor, discussant and Chair, 7 Panels on “Conflict Resolution in a New World Order”. Also presented paper on “UN Peace Operations and the Peacebuilding Consensus” ECPR European International Relations conference in The Hague, 9-11 September 2004.

“Realising Hegemony? New Wars, New Terrorism, and the Roots of Conflict”, for a conference on Conflict in the Middle East, Intercollege, Cyprus June 16th, 2004.

“The Intellectual History of Human Security”, for a panel on "Human Security in East Asia", March 30th 2004,  Sophia University, Tokyo.

“The Long Mile: Narratives of Sovereignty in Cyprus”, ISA, Montreal, Canada, March 2004. Co-presenter with Costas Constantinou.

Discussant, Panel on Border Conflicts, University of Bielefeld, Germany, December 4-5, 2003.


Future research

On the nature on alternatives/ modifications to the liberal peacebuilding framework; post-liberalism; culture, welfare and peacebuilding.

Academic/Professional Qualification

BA; MA; PhD; British International Studies Association (BISA); International Studies Association (ISA)

Expertise related to UN Sustainable Development Goals

In 2015, UN member states agreed to 17 global Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) to end poverty, protect the planet and ensure prosperity for all. This person’s work contributes towards the following SDG(s):

  • SDG 16 - Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions


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