Trace element ratios and derived carbonate chemistry, borate chemistry, and sea surface temperature from planktic and benthic foraminifera at ODP Site 208-1262 during the Latest Danian Event



The Latest Danian Event (LDE; ~62.15 Ma) is a major double-spiked eccentricity-driven transient warming event and carbon cycle perturbation (hyperthermal) in the early Paleocene, which has received significantly less attention compared to the larger events of the late Paleocene–early Eocene. A better understanding of the nature of the LDE may broaden our understanding of hyperthermals more generally and improve our knowledge of Earth system responses to extreme climate states. Here we present planktic and benthic foraminiferal Mg/Ca and B/Ca records that shed new light on changes in South Atlantic temperature and carbonate chemistry during the LDE. Our planktic Mg/Ca record reveals a pulsed increase in sea surface temperature of at least ~1.5°C during the older carbon isotope excursion, and ~0.5°C during the younger isotope excursion. We observe drops in planktic and benthic B/Ca, synchronous with pronounced negative excursions in benthic δ13C, which suggest a shift in the carbonate system towards more acidic, dissolved inorganic carbon-rich conditions, in both the surface and deep ocean. Conditions remain more acidic following the LDE, which we suggest may be linked to an enhanced ocean alkalinity sink due to changes in the make-up of planktic calcifiers, hinting at a novel feedback between calcifier ecology and ocean-atmosphere CO2.
Date made available14 Dec 2023

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