Supplementary material from "A synthesis of senescence predictions for indeterminate growth, and support from multiple tests in wild lake trout"

  • Craig F Purchase (Contributor)
  • Anna C Rooke (Contributor)
  • Michael J Gaudry (Contributor)
  • Jason R Treberg (Contributor)
  • Elizabeth A. Mittell (Contributor)
  • Michael Blair Morrissey (Contributor)
  • Michael D Rennie (Contributor)



Senescence—the deterioration of functionality with age—varies widely across taxa in pattern and rate. Insights into why and how this variation occurs are hindered by the predominance of laboratory-focused research on short-lived model species with determinate growth. We synthesize evolutionary theories of senescence, highlight key information gaps and clarify predictions for species with low mortality and variable degrees of indeterminate growth. Lake trout are an ideal species to evaluate predictions in the wild. We monitored individual males from two populations (1976–2017) longitudinally for changes in adult mortality (actuarial senescence) and body condition (proxy for energy balance). A cross-sectional approach (2017) compared young (ages 4–10 years) and old (18–37 years) adults for (i) phenotypic performance in body condition, and semen quality—which is related to fertility under sperm competition (reproductive senescence)—and (ii) relative telomere length (potential proxy for cellular senescence). Adult growth in these particular populations is constrained by a simplified foodweb, and our data support predictions of negligible senescence when maximum size is only slightly larger than maturation size. Negative senescence (aka reverse senescence) may occur in other lake trout populations where diet shifts allow maximum sizes to greatly exceed maturation size.
Date made available21 Dec 2021

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