Products and Models for "Nightside clouds and disequilibrium chemistry on the hot Jupiter WASP-43b"

  • Taylor James Bell (Creator)
  • Nicolas Crouzet (Creator)
  • Patricio E. Cubillos (Creator)
  • Laura Kreidberg (Creator)
  • Anjali A A Piette (Creator)
  • Michael T. Roman (Creator)
  • Joanna K Barstow (Creator)
  • Jasmina Blecic (Creator)
  • Ludmila Carone (Creator)
  • Louis-Philippe Coulombe (Creator)
  • Elsa Ducrot (Creator)
  • Mark Hammond (Creator)
  • João M. Mendonça (Creator)
  • Julianne I. Moses (Creator)
  • Vivien Parmentier (Creator)
  • Kevin B Stevenson (Creator)
  • Lucas Teinturier (Creator)
  • Michael Zhang (Creator)



Hot Jupiters are among the best-studied exoplanets, but it is still poorly understood how their chemical composition and cloud properties vary with longitude. Theoretical models predict that clouds may condense on the nightside and that molecular abundances can be driven out of equilibrium by zonal winds. Here we report a phase-resolved emission spectrum of the hot Jupiter WASP-43b measured from 5-12 μm with JWST's Mid-Infrared Instrument (MIRI). The spectra reveal a large day-night temperature contrast (with average brightness temperatures of 1524±35 and 863±23 Kelvin, respectively) and evidence for water absorption at all orbital phases. Comparisons with three-dimensional atmospheric models show that both the phase curve shape and emission spectra strongly suggest the presence of nightside clouds which become optically thick to thermal emission at pressures greater than ~100 mbar. The dayside is consistent with a cloudless atmosphere above the mid-infrared photosphere. Contrary to expectations from equilibrium chemistry but consistent with disequilibrium kinetics models, methane is not detected on the nightside (2σ upper limit of 1-6 parts per million, depending on model assumptions).
Date made available22 Jan 2024
  • Nightside clouds and disequilibrium chemistry on the hot Jupiter WASP-43b

    Bell, T. J., Crouzet, N., Cubillos, P. E., Kreidberg, L., Piette, A. A. A., Roman, M. T., Barstow, J. K., Blecic, J., Carone, L., Coulombe, L-P., Ducrot, E., Hammond, M., Mendonça, J. M., Moses, J. I., Parmentier, V., Stevenson, K. B., Teinturier, L., Zhang, M., Batalha, N. M., Bean, J. L., & 63 othersBenneke, B., Charnay, B., Chubb, K. L., Demory, B-O., Gao, P., Lee, E. K. H., López-Morales, M., Morello, G., Rauscher, E., Sing, D. K., Tan, X., Venot, O., Wakeford, H. R., Aggarwal, K., Ahrer, E-M., Alam, M. K., Baeyens, R., Barrado, D., Caceres, C., Carter, A. L., Casewell, S. L., Challener, R. C., Crossfield, I. J. M., Decin, L., Désert, J-M., Dobbs-Dixon, I., Dyrek, A., Espinoza, N., Feinstein, A. D., Gibson, N. P., Harrington, J., Helling, C., Hu, R., Iro, N., Kempton, E. M-R., Kendrew, S., Komacek, T. D., Krick, J., Lagage, P-O., Leconte, J., Lendl, M., Lewis, N. T., Lothringer, J. D., Malsky, I., Mancini, L., Mansfield, M., Mayne, N. J., Evans-Soma, T. M., Molaverdikhani, K., Nikolov, N. K., Nixon, M. C., Palle, E., Petit dit de la Roche, D. J. M., Piaulet, C., Powell, D., Rackham, B. V., Schneider, A. D., Steinrueck, M. E., Taylor, J., Welbanks, L., Yurchenko, S. N., Zhang, X. & Zieba, S., 30 Apr 2024, (E-pub ahead of print) In: Nature Astronomy.

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