Electrically driven organic laser using integrated OLED pumping (dataset)



Organic semiconductors are carbon-based materials that combine optoelectronic properties with simple fabrication and the scope fortuning by changing their chemical structure. They have been successfully used to make organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs, now widely found in mobile phone displays and televisions), solar cells, transistors and sensors. However, making electrically driven organic semiconductor lasers is very challenging. It is difficult because organic semiconductors typically support only low current densities, suffer substantial absorption from injected charges and triplets, and have additional losses due to contacts. In short, injecting charges into the gain medium leads to intolerable losses. Here we take an alternative approach in which charge injection and lasing are spatially separated, thereby greatly reducing losses. We achieve this by developing an integrated device structure that efficiently couples an OLED, with exceptionally high internal-light generation, with a polymer distributed feedback laser. Under the electrical driving of the integrated structure, we observe a threshold in light output versus drive current, with a narrow emission spectrum and the formation of a beam above the threshold. These observations confirm lasing. Our results provide an organic electronic device that has not been previously demonstrated, and show that indirect electrical pumping by an OLED is a very effective way of realizing an electrically driven organic semiconductor laser. This provides an approach to visible lasers that could see applications in spectroscopy, metrology and sensing.
Date made available28 Sept 2023
PublisherUniversity of St Andrews

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