Technology-enhanced learning in orthopaedics Virtual reality and multi-modality educational workshops may be effective in the training of surgeons and operating department staff

Activity: Talk or presentation typesPresentation


Aim: The aims were to assess the utility of: 1) virtual reality-mediated simulation, and 2) a multi-modality 'Bootcamp' in the delivery of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) teaching to orthopaedic surgical trainees. Background: Surgical training opportunities are diminished as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic which may result in delays to training completion and gaps in the permanent workforce. Modern and technology-enhanced learning methods have been identified as having the potential to support high-quality and sustainable education. Methods: This mixed-methods study assessed the educational benefit of two activities designed to teach TKA to junior (ST1-3) orthopaedic trainees. A multi-modality training Bootcamp was delivered that included: virtual reality (VR) and saw-bone simulation; tutorials, and case-based symposia. The VR component was delivered to different participants (surgical trainees, scrub nurses, and consultants) on a further two separate occasions. Qualitative and quantitative data were collected pertaining to utility and performance. Results: Trainees reported that the Bootcamp improved comprehension of arthroplasty principles including component alignment, knee balancing, and intraoperative strategies. Case-based discussions helped develop diagnostic and decision-making skills. The VR activity improved understanding of the surgical process map, increased ability to anticipate steps, and consider the procedure strategically. All staff groups found the VR activity beneficial and would recommend it as a useful addition to a surgical department. Conclusion: VR-mediated simulation could augment the education of surgical trainees and scrub team staff by improving comprehension of the surgical process map. Integrated multi-modality ‘Bootcamp-style’ training activities constructed around trainees' needs may provide a sustainable solution to bridge the experience gap related to reduced exposure to elective orthopaedic practice.
Period29 Apr 2022
Event titleEuropean Society for Sports Traumatology, Knee Surgery and Arthroscopy: 20th ESSKA
Event typeConference
LocationParis, FranceShow on map
Degree of RecognitionInternational


  • TEL
  • VR
  • Knee arthroplasty
  • Medical Education