Layers of NATO: The Limits of Article 5 on the Baltic Shore

  • Matthew Christopher Kolasa (Speaker)

Activity: Talk or presentation typesPresentation


A resurgent Russia has renewed discussion of NATO strategy toward the Baltic States and Poland. Analysts have in particular identified strategic weakness in Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania. This paper analyzes Article 5 treaty obligations, official statements on alliance collective defense policy, and what deterrence and response strategies have been prepared and implemented in practice for the possibility of a conventional or hybrid attack from the east. A rekindled debate over limited war between superpowers and the graduated employment of force is applied to the present study. Implicit in the discussion is a concept of 'layered' protection by the alliance, a state that belies NATO deterrence capacity as the organization expands and the regional security environment grows increasingly uncertain.
Period19 Oct 2019
Event titleISSS-IS Annual Conference 2019: Hosted by the International Security Studies Section of ISA (ISSS) and the International Security and Arms Control Section of APSA (IS)
Event typeConference
LocationDenver, United States, ColoradoShow on map
Degree of RecognitionInternational


  • NATO
  • Deterrence
  • Estonia
  • Latvia
  • Lithuania
  • Russia
  • United States
  • Baltic Sea
  • Poland
  • Security
  • Balancing
  • Military Strategy
  • International Treaties
  • Suwałki Gap