A genetic metasomatic link between eclogitic and peridotitic diamond inclusions

Activity: Talk or presentation typesPresentation


Diamond inclusions sample the otherwise inaccessible archive of Earth’s deep interior. The geochemical and petrological diversity of diamond inclusions reflects either pre-metasomatic upper mantle heterogeneity or metasomatism coeval with diamond formation. Diamond-hosted mineral inclusions are diverse, including, but not limited to, sulphides, silicates, oxides, carbonates, and metallic phases and several of these mineral families can be sub-divided into three groups, termed inclusion paragenesis. These are [1] peridotitic (i.e. Cr-rich pyrope, diopside, enstatite, olivine), [2] eclogitic (i.e. Cr-poor pyrope-almandine, Na-rich clinopyroxene) and [3] websteritic (intermediate compositions). The assignment of inclusion paragenesis is an empirical and subjective classification scheme which does not inform on process, sensu stricto.
We focus on the origin of lithospheric garnet and clinopyroxene inclusions by simulating metasomatic reactions between eclogitic fluids and mantle peridotites at 5 GPa, 1000ºC, and across a range of redox conditions (logfO2 = -1 to -5 ∆FMQ). Our results demonstrate that fluid-rock interaction can result in the formation of eclogitic, websteritic, and peridotitic silicates from a single fluid during a single diamond-forming metasomatic event (Fig. 1), providing a simple mechanistic explanation for the situation where individual natural diamonds host disequilibrium inclusion assemblages, such as diamonds hosting inclusions of mixed parageneses. Ergo, the petrogenesis of diamond and their inclusions can be syngenetic, and the petrological diversity of diamond inclusions can reflect metasomatism coeval with diamond formation. Our data also show that diamond formation is feasible without the need for any shift in redox or pH of the fluid and demonstrate that a thermal gradient is not required. Furthermore, during the metasomatism, refractory peridotite can be converted to fertile websterite which could become a pyroxenitic mantle source for oceanic basalts (see Mikhail et al., 2021).

References Cited
Mikhail, S., Rinaldi, M., Mare, E.R., Sverjensky, D.A. 2021. A genetic link between eclogitic and peridotitic diamond inclusions. Geochemical Perspectives Letters
Period9 Jul 2021
Event titleGoldschmidt2021 - Virtual
Event typeConference
Degree of RecognitionInternational


  • Diamond
  • Diamond inclusions
  • Thermodynamic Modelling